DISHA-INDIA has been working from past three years in and around Purkhoo Camp in Jammu. The terrorism and the ongoing military in Kashmir valley has uprooted the entire minority i.e. Kashmir Hindus from the valley. As a result of this the entire Hindu Community had to migrate leaving behind their homes and hearths in Kashmir. The well to do Sections managed their Survival elsewhere in the country but a large portion of the community who were Orchardist, Small land owners, Small businessman in the valley were thrown on the roads. They lost their shelter, means of production i.e. the land holdings, business establishments and all other assets.

About 17km away from Jammu city, Purkhoo Camp is the largest Camp inhabited by displaced Kashmiri people who are the victims of Terrorism in Kashmir. There are 1600 families in Purkhoo Camp with a total population of about 10,000. Another Camp of Kashmiri migrant, namely Mishriwala Camp is only one and a half Km away from the Purkhoo on the same road. There are 200 families comprising of about 5000 people. The people in these Camps live in one room hutments which are poorly ventilated, without sanitation and other civic amenities.

In the Surrounding villages of Purkhoo Camp a large number of displaced Kashmiri people are living after their migration from the valley. These include Patoli Brahamana, Domana, Nagbani, Bernai, Bantalab, Akalpora, Mutti and other smaller villagers. Besides, Multi Camp which is yet another Camp of Kashmiri migrants also in the same area. Thus there is a large segment of displaced Kashmiri people living in the project after they were hit by the terrorist Golence in Kashmir valley.
             
   
             
           
 
Socio-economic status of people:

While analyzing the present Socio-economic status of the displaced Kashmiri people living in the project area it is very important to have a look into their past background. The Kashmiri Hindus community before their migration in 1990 was a self sufficient and self-reliant community. They were Orchardists, small land owners, small businessman and the service class people. Also the professionals like Teachers, doctors, lawyers and engineers formed part of the community. On the whole the majority of Kashmiri Hindu community belonged to middle class category of Socio-economic strata. After their mass migration under the pressure of terrorist movement in the valley, these people were rendered homeless. They lost their means of livelihood i.e. the land holding mostly in the shape of orchards, business and all the ancestral property-moveable as well as immovable.

 

Thus a community which was prospersons and self-sufficient community in Kashmir Valley have been forced to live a life which can termed most similar to that of Slum dwellers. Immediately after their migration they had to live tents raised in barren lands for a long time and were shifted later to one room tenaments.It is pertinent to mention here that although a microscopic minority in the valley, thus community has all along played a very vital role towards overall socio-economic development of the state.

The Problems:
Unemployment is the most chronic problem facing the community. The orchardists, small land owners and the businessmen were thrown out of employment after the migration. So much so the professionals of the community like doctors and lawyers who had established themselves in the valley in their respective fields were rendered baseless. But the worst sufferers were the small businessmen and the land owners. The unemployment has also led to serious social problems like alcoholism and drug addiction, which was hither to non existent in the community. This is in addition to the economic devastation caused by the problem unemployment.

Yet another problem which has come up in a bog way after the migration is the cause and care of the aged. One to lack of employment awareness and sudden collapse of economic base of the community, the younger generation is forced to move outside Jammu in search of livelihood.

 
Although migration of the labour is a universal phenomenon, but it is generally planned and voluntary. As regards the Kashmir Hindu Community in the migration of youth to bigger cities is involuntary and on a very high rate. The erosion of the economic base and the lack of employment support from the government are the reason for migration of youth to bigger cities. The older persons are left behind without any care. The strong community support which is existed in Kashmir valley in the form of village community and local biradari had already been deprived from the older persons due to forced migration from the valley. The situation has led to the social economic, health care and emotional insecurity of the older persons has come up as one of the major problems facing the community.

Need for Intervention:

The displaced Kashmir Hindus have been scattered after the migration and they do not constitute a vote bank. As such it is not a priority for the government to address the specific problems of this community. In the absence of any policy framework by the government, there is a tremendous need for voluntary action to rebuild the shattered economy of the community. Thus the people and organizations from with in the community must come forward and work for long term socio-economic development of the community.
 
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